The Holy Spirit in Islam and Christianity

Son of Man or Son of God?

Gospel’s writers, and the authors of Epistles as well, wrote much of what they wrote according to their own beliefs which they believed and were inserted into the Word of God.

A closer examination of the texts of the New Testament compels us to raise some questions: as to whether Christ was the Son of God or the Son of man due to the much repetition of the phrase “son of man ” a lot in the Gospels ?!

Strangely enough some of gospels authors hasten to put state this doctrine from the very start same as gospels of and Luke and Mark who started his gospel saying:

“The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.” (Mark 1: 1)

Mark reaches such a serious conclusion from his own even before recounting the Lord’s own words! Why did he not let us judge that Jesus was the Son of God ourselves?! It seems that Mark and other writers were influenced by a certain doctrine that permeated their respective where the followers of Christ deviated from the right path and adopted corrupt and heretic doctrines including the belief that “Jesus was the son of God Almighty!!,

These also include:

“And when Jesus saw great multitudes about Him, He gave a command to depart to the other side. Then a certain scribe came and said to Him, “Teacher, I will follow You wherever You go. And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.” (Matthew 8: 18-20)

“But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins” —then He said to the paralytic, “Arise, take up your bed, and go to your house. And he arose and departed to his house. But when the multitudes saw it, they marvelled, and glorified God, which had given such power unto men.”(Matthew 9:6-7)

It seems also that the words that made Christ the “son of God “is not one of the words of Jesus himself; if Christ was the son of God, why did the Gospels mention the two conflicting phrases for Christ being “the son of God” and” the son of man” at the same time ?!

Such conflict, which is impossible to reason, got the Gospels in many contradictions. Jesus allowed himself to be insulted by others and anyone insulted him may be forgiven as he insulted the Son of man!:

“Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.” (Matthew 12: 32).

A clear contradiction may be seen in the gospels view of Jesus Christ; many crowds and righteous people like John the Baptist and Elijah realized that Jesus was the Son of man, but a few strange texts deny them this fact which they adopted for long!

“When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets. He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. Then charged he his disciples that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the Christ.”(Matthew 16: 13-20)

Therefore, Mark felt embarrassed to call Jesus “the son of God”when Jesus foretold the news of his crucifixion and his sufferings:

“And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. (Mark, 8:31)

Proper reasonable thinking firmly denies that Jesus was the sons of God Almighty due to the blasphemous consequences such doctrine may result in attribution to shortcoming for God. According to such doctrine God has a wife, he grows, he dies and be inherited and incarnate. It also means the transfer of the creature’s qualities to the creator.

Therefore, we find the Quran, with its noble teachings, glorifies God and denies partners to him in any case:

“[He is] Originator of the heavens and the earth. How could He have a son when He does not have a companion and He created all things? And He is, of all things, Knowing”.(6:101

“He has not taken a wife or a son” (72: 3)

Allah Almighty has denied himself of polytheism, categorically:

“Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”.(112: 2

“And say, “Praise to Allah, who has not taken a son and has had no partner in [His] dominion and has no [need of a] protector out of weakness; and glorify Him with [great] glorification.”(17:111)

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